Ontario Weeds & Wildflowers
white & orange
Name:      White Trillium  (Trillium grandiflorum)  
               
(Provincial Flower of Ontario)
 Month picture taken: May
This species is always white at first, though it tends to turn a pinkish tint just before the flower dies each year.
The root has been used to cure snakebites, stimulate the uterus in childbirth, and relive the pain of sore nipples of nursing mothers.
W5-1
Name: Dutchman's BreechesD(Dicentra cucullaria)
 Month picture taken: early May
A relative of the garden plant - Bleeding Heart
W5-2
Name:     Goldthread   (Coptis trifolia)   Buttercup Family
 Month picture taken: May
Found in mossy damp woods, especially in  wet,  mostly coniferous stands.
W5-3
Name:   Mayapple  (Podophyllum peltatum )
 Month picture taken: May
W5-4
Woodland plant in the Barberry Family.  Single flower in May, develops into a pulpy, lemon-yellow berry which ripens in late summer and is the only part of the plant that isn't poisonous.
Extracts of the plant (powdered rhizomes) are used in topical medications for genital warts and some skin cancers.
Name:   Garlic Mustard  (Alliaria petiolata
       Biennnial, reproduces by seed           Member of mustard family
 Month picture taken: May
It most often grows  along forest-edges - such as along trails
W5-5
Name:   Foamflower (Tiarella cordifolia)
 Month picture taken: May
Flowers April to June.  Woodland plant grows 6 to 12 inches tall.
W5-6
Name:   Starflower    (Trientalis borealis)   Primrose Family
 Month picture taken: May
7 petals, 7 sepals, 7 leaves.  Habitat: cool woods, high slopes, peaty soil. 4-8 inches in height.  Blooms May to June.
W5-7
Name:   Canada Mayflower (Maianthemum canadense) Lily Family
 Months pictures taken: May  & August  
Moist, rich to dry, often sandy woods and clearings 
W5-8   
Name:   Broad-leaved Toothwort (Cardamine diphylla)
Month picture taken: May    Mustard Family
 W5-9   Moist woodlands, 8-12 in. high.  Flowers April to June.
Name:   Common Strawberry     (Fragaria virginiana)
 Month picture taken: May & June
Dry to moist open woodlands and clearings, often in disturbed areas; widespread across our region; preferring sunny locations.

5 petals, basal leaves - strongly toothed.  Fruit edible, and delicious - can be used for jam.

W5-10

 

Name:    Shepherd's Hearts  aka Shepherd's Purse  ( Capsella bursa-pastoris) Family: Brassicaceae (Mustard)
 Month picture taken: May
 
W5-11
Name:   Starry False Solomon's Seal    (Maianthemum stellatum)   Lily Family
 Month pictures taken: May
W5-12             
Name:  Round-lobed Hepatica       (Hepatica americana)
 Month picture taken: May
Buttercup family.  Blue to Lavender, or pink to white flowers.
May to June
W5-13
Name:     Mouse-eared Chickweed   (Cerastium fontanum)
 Month picture taken: May
common throughout Ontario and occurs in almost any kind of habitat including gardens, lawns, fields, pastures, meadows, wet depressions, rock outcrops, dry sandy areas, and under moist woods.
W5-14
Name:     Lily of the Valley   (Convallaria majalis)    Lily family
 Month picture taken: May
The flowers are white tepals (sepals and petals) (rarely pink), bell-shaped, 5-10 mm diameter, and sweetly scented; flowering  in late spring,
W5-15
Name:  Reflexed Rock Cress    (Arabis retrofracta)
 Month picture taken: May
Erect
W5-16                            One or several stems from a rosette.  Basal leaves covered in fine hairs, spatulate and coarsely toothed. Basal leaves 2 cm long and 6 mm wide. Stem leaves clasp the stem, linear, 2 cm long and 3 mm wide. Flowers are white with a purplish tinge, petals 6 mm long and flower is 2 mm in diameter. Seed pods flattened in profile and bent sharply downwards. Pods to 17 mm long.

Common to dry slopes

Name:
 Month picture taken: June
 
W6-1
Name:    Bunchberry       (Cornus canadensis)
 Month picture taken: June
 
W6-2
Name:    Ox-eye Daisy  (Chrysanthemum leucanthemum)
 Month picture taken: June
 Roadsides, fields, meadows, clearings.  June to August
W6-3
Name:   English Plantain      (Plantago lanceolata)
 Month picture taken: June
 
W6-4
Name:    Hedge False-Bindweed   (Calystegia sepium)
 Month picture taken: June
 
W6-5
   
Name:   
 Month picture taken: July
 
W7-1
Name:   
 Month picture taken: July
 W7-2             
Name:   
 Month picture taken: July
 W7-3             
Name:    Lesser Pyrola    (Pyrola minor)
 Month picture taken: July
 W7-4             
Name:    Indian Pipe  (Monotropa uniflora)
 Month picture taken: July
 W7-5            
Name:   
 Month picture taken: July
 W7-6          
Name:    Spotted Water-Hemlock   (Cicuta maculata)   
 Month picture taken: July               (Wye Marsh - Midland, ON)
 W7-7           Highly poisonous!  (One rootstock can kill a horse)
Name:    Scentless Chamomile     (Tripleurospermum perforata)
 Month picture taken: July
 W7-8    
Name:    White Water-Lily     (Nymphaea odorata)
 Month picture taken: July
 W7-9         
Name:   
 Month picture taken: July
 W7-10    
Name:    Wapato    (Sagittaria latifolia)
 Month picture taken: July
 W7-11    
Name:    Common Yarrow      (Achillea millefolium)
 Month picture taken: July
 W7-12    
Name:   
 Month picture taken: August
W8-1
Name:    Bladder Campion  (Silene vulgaris)
 Month picture taken: September
 roadsides, fields, 8-24 inches
 Flowering time: April to September
W9-1
Name:      Small White Aster
 Month picture taken: September
 
W9-2
Name:   Cotton Grass
Month picture taken: September
 
W9-3
 
 
Name:   Pearly Everlasting (Anaphalis margaritacea)
Month picture taken: September
 
W9-4
Name:   Aster
 Month picture taken: September
 
W9-5
Name:   Fleabane
 Month picture taken: September
 
W9-6
Name:   White Sweet Clover
 Month picture taken: September
 
W9-7
Name:    
 Month picture taken: September
W9-8
Name:     Queen Anne's Lace (Daucus carota)
 Month picture taken: October
First year roots are white, carrot-like and edible, both raw and cooked.
Young leaves and flowers are also edible, and seeds can be used as a fragrant spice in tea.
W10-1  
Name:   Lychnis (?)
 Month picture taken: October
 
W10-2
 
Name:    Devil's Paintbrush (Hieracium aurantiacum L.)
 Month picture taken: June       aka Orange Hawkweed
 
O6-1
Name:   Painted Cup (Indian Paintbrush)
Castilleja coccinea
 Month picture taken:  June    
Flowers May to July      Figwort family
O6-2
Name:   Jewel Weed
 Month picture taken:  July
O7-01
Name:   Orange Lily
 
 Month picture taken:  July
 
O7-02
Name:  
 
 Month picture taken:  September
 
O9-01